عنوان مقاله [English]
Unconscious archetypal symbols appear in the form of artwork, and narrative texts. How can identified the different appearance archetypal in texts, particularly in folk tales, legends, myths and epic narrative textes? The subject of this research is seeking solutions based on a methodical and documented. After searching for finding the answer, we suggested the use of two-way: archetypal criticism and morphological analysis together. In this method, we must have appropriate recognize of archetypes and the nature of it. Along with the morphological approach, we must identified functions in narrative forms. Finally, we can measure the similarities between the nature and function of archetypes appearance and the functions of characters in narration. Then we must analysis the findings.
This method can be used to find aspects of the anima, animus, shadow, mask, hero, old wisdom and other archetypes in narrative texts. Case study showes that archetypal old wisdom have special nature of guide and assistance.